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City Youth Development Funding Streams
New York City's Out-of-School Time (OST) Initiative is the nation's largest after-school initiative, serving over 46,000 youth in 2005-2006. Provided at no cost, the City's OST programs operate according to youth development principles and offer a mix of academic support, recreational activities, arts and cultural experiences to elementary, middle school, and high school youth. OST programs provide young people with safe havens to grow and learn and support to their working parents. Bringing together three existing funding streams: the Administration for Children's Services (ACS) School-Age Child Care funding; DYCD Youth Development Delinquency Prevention Program (YDDP) funding; and DYCD funding for The After School Corporation (TASC) programs, OST is currently funded at $46 million, expected to increase to $75 million in its second year. NFSC has been involved in the OST planning process from its inception, working to ensure that all children and families benefit from the new system and to build support for a broad and smarter investment in after school and youth development services across the network.
Beacons provide communities with safe havens in the non-school hours where thousands of children, parents and other residents gather daily for stimulating learning activities, support, and fun. In every part of the City, Beacons make a difference for young people every day. Parents, young people, and local officials have recognized their contribution in helping young people achieve developmental and academic outcomes, providing safe and secure child care for working parents during non-school hours, and offering a place where community residents can come together for meetings and activities. Two research studies by an independent research organization have affirmed the Beacons' effectiveness. In recognition of their value, the City has increased the number of Beacons to 80 sites, up from 10 when they were first established in 1991.
Today, cities and municipalities throughout the country are developing their own Beacons, mining New York City's work for inspiration. New York City's $40 million annual allocation for the Beacons represents the largest municipal investment in a youth development program initiative in the country - and most likely the world.
The City allocated $8.1 million for Beacons in FY 2005. NFSC worked to secure an additional $4 million for the Beacons, which translates to an extra $50,000 for each of the City's 80 Beacons. This additional funding—a result of the wavier of school use/opening fees—allows Beacons to more heavily invest in youth development programming.
Neigborhood Youth Alliance/Street Outreach
Neighborhood Youth Alliance programs uniquely link leadership development with community service and provide youth participants with the opportunity and training to create, develop, and implement their own service projects in their communities. In implementing NYA projects, participants work closely with community boards, community school districts, local police precincts, merchants, block and tenant associations, and other neighborhood institutions. Street Outreach is a year-round program that creates a corps of street outreach youth workers, each affiliated with a community-based organization. Street outreach workers develop a rapport with neighborhood youth (including, but not limited to, gang youth), refer them to existing community programs and services, and provide a positive, constructive community presence. In this way, street outreach workers serve as information links to youth, while working directly with parents, community leaders, service providers, schools and law enforcement personnel. The City allocated $1.3 million for Neighborhood Youth Alliance/Street Outreach in FY 2005.
Learning to Work
Recognizing that some students face significant barriers to obtaining a high school diploma through traditional channels, the DOE initiated the Learning to Work program to increase the number of paths over-age and under-credited students can take toward earning a diploma and successfully transitioning to college and the world of work. The DOE administers Learning to Work in collaboration with community-based organizations, which operate according to youth development principles, providing struggling students with extra-academic supportive services. Learning to Work operates within Young Adult Borough Centers, evening programs that enable older youth with adult responsibilities to earn a high school diploma, Transfer Alternative High Schools, which provide youth who had been truant or dropped out of traditional high school with a second opportunity to earn a diploma, and GED programs. Learning to Work is funded at $15.7 million.
Community Action Project in the Schools (CAPS)
Created in 1990 by the United Way of New York City and the New York City Department of Education, the CAPS program funds neighborhood organizations to provide attendance improvement and dropout prevention services to at-risk students, including: one-on-one and group counseling, family involvement, youth development and leadership, attendance monitoring and outreach, and service referral. Since its inception, CAPS has provided services to more than 300,000 students and their families in over 150 public schools. CAPS is funded by the New York City Department of Education, the New York City Council, and United Way donors. A new CAPS RFP will be soon be issued and NFSC will work to ensure successful outcomes for the program.